Types of Windows used in Buildings?

A Window (Fönster) is typically a vented barrier in a wall, roof, door, or vehicle that allows air and light into the structure and also provide an outside view. Windows also create a beautiful appearance for the building that it is installed in.

There is a variety of the kinds of windows that are used in the construction of a building for the purpose of providing and a view of the external environment surrounding the building and also to give a sound ventilation system for the building. The selection of the suitable window to be installed in a building depends on several criteria, which are dependent on the following aspects: Location of room, Climatic conditions, Size of room, Direction of wind, Architectural point of view, and the Utility of space.

Based on the above factors, you are able to choose the most suitable window for your building structures. There are a wide range of varieties of windows which are available based on their materials, functioning, and position; they are classified as Fixed windows, Louvered windows, Casement windows,   Pivoted windows, Double-hung windows, Dormer windows, Corner windows, Bay windows, Clerestory windows, Metal windows, Lantern windows, Sliding windows, Gable windows, Skylights, Ventilators, and the Sash windows.

Here is a list of the descriptive information of the different kinds of windows that you can use in your buildings.

1. Fixed Windows

This kind of Window (Fönster)is typically fixed on the wall without any opening operation or closing operation. Generally, fixed windows offer to transmit the natural light from the sun into the installed room.  Usually, fully glazed shutters are fixed to this kind of window frames, which are typically waterproof.

2. Sliding Windows

In this scenario, the window shutters car capable of moving in the frame. The movement of the shutters may probably be vertical movement or horizontal movement based on your building requirements. This movement of the shutter is typically performed by the provision of roller bearings.

3. Pivoted Windows

In this kind of windows, the pivots are usually provided to the window frames. This pivot is a shat that generally assists in oscillating the shutter; therefore, there is no need for the frame. The movement of this may either be vertical or horizontal, depending on the pivots’ position.

4. Double Hung Windows

The double-hung windows constitute of a pair of shutters that are attached to one frame. The shutters are normally arranged one above the other. These two shutters are capable of moving vertically within the frame.  Therefore, when you are capable of opening this window at the bottom of the window or at the top of the window.

In order to operate this type of window, a cord or a chain that constitutes a metal weight is metal given, which is then connected over the pulleys. Therefore by pulling the metal weights of the cords, the shutters are capable of moving vertically. Then you are capable of fixing the windows at your required position of light or ventilation.